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Geraniol

Geraniol
Geraniol
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Product Description

Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an  It is the primary component of. rose oil, palmarosa oil, and citronella oil (Java type). It is a colorless oil, although commercial samples can appear yellow. It has low solubility in water, but it is soluble in common organic solvents. The functional group derived from geraniol (in essence, geraniol lacking the terminal −OH) is called geranyl.

USAGE

In addition to rose oil, palmarosa oil, and citronella oil, it also occurs in small quantities in geranium, lemon, and many other essential oils. With a rose-like scent, it is commonly used in perfumes. It is used in flavors such as peach, raspberry, grapefruit, red apple, plum, lime, orange, lemon, watermelon, pineapple, and blueberry.
Geraniol is produced by the scent glands of honeybees to mark nectar-bearing flowers and locate the entrances to their hives. It has been considered as a mosquito repellent

It is a byproduct of the metabolism of sorbate and, thus, is a very unpleasant contaminant of if bacteria are allowed to grow in it.

Identifiers

CAS Number

106-24-1

Properties

Chemical formula

C10H18O

Molar mass

154.25 g·mol−1

Density

0.889 g/cm3

Melting point

−15 °C (5 °F; 258 K)

Boiling point

230 °C (446 °F; 503 K)

Solubility in water

686 mg/L (20 °C)


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